Item 2: General Debate on High Commissioner Oral Update on Sri Lanka
UN Human Rights Council
13 September – 8 October 2021
I speak on behalf of fourteen organisations.
We reiterate the broad range of serious human rights concerns in Sri Lanka highlighted by the High Commissioner.
In line with the trend of ongoing militarisation identified by the High Commissioner and UN human rights bodies we note with concern, the militarisation of drug control and treatment in the country, and its negative repercussions on human rights as well as individual and public health.
Civil society has documented a worrying pattern of deaths in custody of persons arrested for drug offences in supposed shoot-outs with law enforcement, or while assisting law enforcement operations. The lack of investigation into these custodial deaths entrenches impunity and the use of violence by state agencies.
We highlight the existence of laws that contravene human rights standards, including by giving arbitrary powers to law enforcement and the judiciary to mandate people to drug rehabilitation.
People detained in drug treatment centres – some of which are managed by the Sri Lanka army – suffer physical and psychological violence, inhuman conditions of detention, and lack of evidence-based treatment.
We urge the government of Sri Lanka to adopt a human rights and health centred approach to drug policy, abide by a zero tolerance policy on torture, investigate all deaths in custody, and ensure those found responsible are held accountable.
We encourage the High Commissioner to include a comprehensive analysis of the human rights impact of drug control laws and practices in her next update on Sri Lanka to the Council.
Harm Reduction International
Adayalam Centre for Policy Research
Anuradhapura District Citizens Committee
Asian Human Rights Commission
Centre for Human Rights and Development
Centre for Policy Alternatives
Family Rehabilitation Centre
Human Rights Organisation, Kandy
Human Rights Watch
IMADR Asia Committee
Law & Society Trust
Right to Life
Rule of Law Forum